Chasing the Mystery Buzz
An unlikely cause
© Frank Ford, 11/1/98; Photos by FF, October 1998
Talk about uncommon! I hardly ever hear a buzz that comes from a loose bridge on a flat top guitar. I see loose bridges every week, but basically never hear a peep out of them.
A bridge doesn't have to be very loose to need regluing. This is such an important structural matter that I don't wait around to hear buzzing from a loose bridge before I reglue it.
If the bridge is loose enough to slip a piece of paper under the back edge like this, then it should be reglued right away:
Not regluing a loose bridge is asking for top and bridge plate deformation, loose braces, and possible cracking of the top. Enough said. Bridges should be reglued.
In certain rare circumstances, a very slightly loose bridge can go unnoticed visually, but make a tiny buzzing sound when the instrument is played.
I tried to photograph a very slightly loose bridge:
See, you don't notice a thing at the back edge, until you look VERY closely:
This little gap is too narrow to slip in even a very thin piece of paper. But underneath the bridge, there may be torn fibers of the top that can vibrate at certain frequencies.
This bridge was glued to a smaller patch of spruce, overhanging the finish about 1/4" all around the back edge:
I suppose it could, under certain circumstances, buzz even if it were't actually loose in the area where it was glued to the top.
On one occasion, I spent weeks diagnosing, probing and sweating over a classical guitar with a mysterious, ethereal buzz. After finally exhausting every logical possibility, I decided that the bridge was the only thing left.
Taking a lesson from Sherlock Holmes, I concluded that the one possibility that remained, no matter how small the probability, must be the answer. I removed and reglued the bridge. The buzz was gone. At that point I added "loose bridge" to my mental list of items that cause buzzing.
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