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1965 Gibson Hummingbird gets a
A Bridge Upgrade
© Frank Ford, 1/1/99; Photos by FF, 1/1/99
OK, here's where I get into trouble, but I just can't resist saying that this Gibson Hummingbird has a bad bridge:
It's bad because it's adjustable and the extra mass of the adjusting hardware impedes vibration. It's bad because it was never well glued to the top. It's bad because it has bolts right in line with the bridge pins, and that increases the likelihood of a crack forming through this vulnerable area.
It's bad because the line of bridge pins is right at the back edge where all the stress of the string tension is concentrated, and there's such a tiny margin of wood behind the pins it can barely hold on to the top.
And finally, it's bad because it has a ceramic saddle which weighs enough to be an effective mute all by itself.
Now, I feel better. . .
After all that, I must say that these are only my opinions, and I have no argument with anyone who likes the sound of a guitar with this bridge on it. Besides, this is a pricey job, and if it hadn't been for the structural problems, the owner of this guitar probably wouldn't have chosen to make the "upgrade."
Let's take a look at this bridge up close:
As you can see, the bridge is peeling away from the top. The glue has failed completely probably as a result of exposure to heat, and only bridge pins and the two bolts are holding things together. Additionally, the top is bulging quite a lot just behind the bridge.
After removing strings and the nuts from underneath, the bridge simply dropped off.
Now, take a look at all this hardware:
Here you have a regular size rosewood bridge and a wide ceramic saddle. That metal strip is a piece of spring steel placed under the saddle. I guess it's supposed to cut down on rattles, but without the strip these bridges don't rattle, so I figure it's useless. Then there are the screw adjusters to raise and lower the saddle. These screw into brass implants which themselves are bolted through the top and bridge plate.
Just the metal hardware alone weighs enough to make a fairly substantial mute.
The whole business together tips the scale at 65 grams:
While a complete conventional nonadjustable bridge weighs in at 23.3 grams:
The bottom line is that by switching from the ceramic saddle adjustable bridge, we can save a solid 40 grams of mass, or 65% of the original.
I generally don't recommend hotrodding instruments, especially when the results are subtle to the degree of being just marginal. But any time you can reduce the mass of an overweight bridge by two thirds, you're bound to be able to notice the improvement in volume and tone.
Of course, these days we hear a lot about collector value of vintage instruments, and any change from original condition or equipment can that value. Here, I'm presuming we can put that business aside, and understand that the improvement in structural stability, volume and tone is the only goal. The owner of this guitar is not concerned with the market value; he's interested in the musical value. As with any other repair or modification, it is important to keep all these things in mind, including the possibility of resale. Keeping the issues in mind doesn't necessarily mean being bound by them, though.
Now, I'll get to work.
I have a large C-clamp with a series of bridge plate shaped aluminum cauls which I can screw to its foot. This one is just the size and shape of the bridge plate I need to remove:
I'll heat the caul to about 400 degrees Fahrenheit, and clamp it up underneath the bridge plate. Holding my hand on the finished surface above, I monitor the heat transfer, so that I don't overheat the finish. It takes a bit of practice, but it's reasonably safe to heat the bridge plate this way.
The hot aluminum caul retains its heat long enough to heat through the bridge plate, but if I walk away from it, the temperature will drop with time, and I won't accidentally burn up the guitar. That's always my fear with heating instruments. I had a Martin tiple come from another repair shop where the luthier walked away while a heat lamp was on and started a fire on the top of the instrument. I always remember the look of that burned tiple when I use heat on a guitar.
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